Breccia is a clastic sedimentary rock that is composed of large (over two-millimeter diameter) angular fragments. The spaces between the large fragments can be filled with a matrix of smaller particles or a mineral cement which binds the rock together. The specimen shown above is about two inches (five centimeters) across.
What Are Sedimentary Rocks?
Sedimentary rocks are formed by the accumulation of sediments. There are three basic types of sedimentary rocks.
Clastic sedimentary rocks such as breccia, conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, and shale成人自拍视频 are formed from mechanical weathering debris.
Chemical sedimentary rocks, such as rock salt, iron ore, chert, flint, some dolomites, and some limestones, form when dissolved materials precipitate from solution.
Organic sedimentary rocks such as coal, some dolomites, and some limestones成人自拍视频, form from the accumulation of plant or animal debris.
Photos and brief descriptions of some common sedimentary rock types are shown on this page.